Calculate food exchange for diabetics for optimum sugar control

Whether you prefer it or not, diabetes is sure to enhance your math. If you are a diabetic you will need to keep a strict control over your diet if you don’t want your blood sugar levels bouncing top to bottom like a yo-yo. This may prove to be really dangerous for your health. But, if eating the identical dishes is causing you grief, then you can exchange some food items with others which have exactly the same calorific content. This is known as food exchange and here are tips on how to use food exchange for diabetics for optimum sugar control coffee club.

The method of calculating food exchange was developed by the American Diabetes Association and also the American Dietetic Association. They partitioned foods into 3 specific groups based on their carbohydrate content given that controlling carbohydrate intake plays a crucial role in controlling diabetes. These groups are Fat Group, Meat and Meat Substitutes Group and Carbohydrate Group. These are also sub-divided into additional foods groups such as vegetables, fruits, milk, etc. The food exchange system essentially implies that when 2 food products across food groups have a similar carbohydrate content they can be exchanged even if their fat and protein content and even calories are different, since carbohydrates hold the maximum influence on blood level sugar.

Now you can move through your food pyramid chart and seek out those things that have exactly the same carbohydrate content. Studying this chart will even guide you when you buy food products from your local supermarket. As an example, you can exchange a large eight to ten inch banana for 1 cup of fruit juice, provided you are entitled to have a serving of that size. If you are allowed a smalle serving then you can exchange a smaller banana for half a cup of fruit juice. Similarly, it’s also possible to exchange a big cup of cereal for just two slices of bread. These calculations can also be useful when you eat at fast food restaurants as it will assist you to choose or exchange foods from the menus, which have a perfect level of carbohydrates. In fact, it is possible to apply this formula to your diabetic cat or dog food or for any other canine which you might have. Some esteemed companies furthermore make dry foods that have suprisingly low carbohydrate content and which may be correctly fed to your diabetic dog or cat.

These calculations and exchanges will show you towards a healthy diet that maintains your blood sugar levels along with offering a multitude of healthy dishes. The list of food products that contain low carbohydrates and which is often safely exchanged is very large and you should refer to health books or the Internet to guide you further. Many sites and books also possess a list of foods that ought to be avoided by diabetics and you will understand that you may have to purchase the cost of eating such items with your health.

By using these charts to calculate food exchange for diabetics you may definitely be capable to enlarge the amount of dishes that you can safely eat and will also help convert your boring menu into a fascinating, healthy and tasty one. However, your math too is sure to be improved on an evaluation of eating changes that would assist the individual in accomplishing his or her targeted metabolic goals and of changes the individual would like and able to make. Because of the accuracy and convenience of the exchange system, the exchange lists can be used for weight management likewise for diabetes control.

The exchange system categorizes foods into three main groups: Carbohydrates, Meat and Meat Substitutes, and Fats. Foods are even more subdivided over these three groups into certain exchange lists. The Carbohydrate Group offers the Starch, Fruit, Milk, Sweets and desserts (other carbohydrates), and Vegetable lists. Foods from the Starch, Fruit, Milk, and Sweets lists could be interchanged in the meal plan, as they each contain foods with 60 to 90 calories and about 15 grams of carbohydrate. The Meat and Meat Substitute Group contains food protein sources and fat. The group is split into four lists: Very Lean Meats, Lean Meats, Medium-Fat Meats, as well as High-Fat Meats, letting the consumer to see at a glance which meats are low-fat as well as which meats are high-fat. The lists have foods that contains 35, 55, 75, and 100 calories, and also 1, 3, 5, and 8 grams of fat, respectively. The Fat Group consists of three lists: Monounsaturated Fats, Polyunsaturated Fats, and Saturated Fats. Every food source consists of around 45 calories and 5 grams of fat. The exchange lists furthermore identify foods that bring about a lot of sodium. A sodium symbol is demonstrated next to foods that have 400 mg or even more of sodium for every exchange serving.

Advantages and Disadvantages

An advantage of the food exchange system is that it supplies a system where a wide assortment of foods can be integrated, thereby offering assortment and versatility to the person with diabetes. Other advantages of the lists are: (1) they provide a framework to group foods sticking with the same carbohydrate, protein, fat, and calorie contents; (2) they point out significant control concepts, including carbohydrate amounts, fat modification, calorie control, and awareness of high-sodium foods; (3) by developing food choices from each of the different lists many different healthful food choices can be guaranteed; and (4) they offer a system that allows people to be in charge of whatever they eat. Moreover, having an understanding of the nutrient composition of the exchange lists, nutritional values from food labels can be utilized and a wider selection of foods could be incorporated accurately into a diet plan.
for Making Use of the Exchange Lists

* Cereals, grains, pasta, breads, crackers, snacks, starchy vegetables, and cooked beans, peas, and also lentils are on the starch list. In general, one starch exchange is ½ cup cereal, grain, or starchy vegetable; one ounce of a bread product, for instance one slice of bread; one-third cup rice or pasta; or perhaps three-fourths to one ounce of most snacks.

* Fresh, frozen, canned, and also dried fruits and fresh fruit juices are on the fruit list. In general, one fruit exchange is actually: one small to medium fresh fruit, one-half cup of canned or fresh fruit or perhaps fruit juice, or one-fourth cup of dried fruit.

* Various kinds of milk and milk products, such as yogurt, are on the milk list. One cup (eight fluid ounces) or maybe two-thirds cup (six ounces) of fat-free or low-fat flavored yogurt sweetened having a non-nutritive sweetener are examples of one exchange.

* Vegetables are included in the Carbohydrate Group and are important components of a healthful diet. Nonetheless, since three servings of vegetables are the same as one carbohydrate serving, 1 or 2 servings per meal don’t have to be counted. This was carried out to encourage use of vegetables and also to easily simplify meal planning.
* Meat and meat substitutes that have both protein and fat are on the meat list. In general, one exchange is: one ounce meat, fish, poultry, or cheese; or perhaps one-half cup beans, peas, lentils.
* Generally speaking, one fat exchange is: one teaspoon of normal margarine, mayonnaise, or vegetable oil; one tablespoon of normal salad dressings or reduced-fat mayonnaise; or two tablespoons of reduced-fat salad dressings.
* •A free food is any food or drink that contains less than 20 calories or less than five grams of carbohydrate for each serving. Foods with around 20 calories should be restricted to three servings each day and spread all through the day.
* Some foods are in one list, however they may fit just as appropriately in another list. For example, foods in the Starch, Fruit, and Milk lists of the Carbohydrate Group each add similar quantities of carbohydrates and calories and may be interchanged. If fruits or starches are regularly substituted with milk, calcium intake may be reduced. Conversely, regularly choosing milk as opposed to fruits or starches may lead to insufficient fiber intake. Foods from the Other Carbohydrate list of the Carbohydrate Group, the Combination Foods list, and the fast foods list also are exchangeable with the Starch, Fruit, and Milk lists. However, the majority of the dessert-type foods on the Other Carbohydrate list are larger in sugars and fat and need to be eaten within the context of a healthy diet plan.
* Beans, peas, and also lentils are included in the Starch list of the Carbohydrate Group. The serving size (usually one-half cup) is counted as one starch and one very lean meat for vegetarian meal planning. If folks are not practicing vegetarians, or use these foods more infrequently and frequently as side dishes rather than main dishes, the very lean meat exchange does not need to be counted-one-half cup is the same as one starch.
* Skim and reduced-fat milks are suitable for children and adults over two years of age, as opposed to whole milk.
* Meat choices from the Very Lean or Lean Meat lists are urged. However, there is no need to add or subtract fat exchanges when utilizing meat lists that vary from those normally consumed.
* Whenever feasible, monounsaturated or polyunsaturated fats ought to be substituted with saturated fats.
The exchange lists are updated periodically and a database is kept of the macronutrient composition of each food, thus assuring the precision of the lists discover more here. For health care professionals, the macronutrient and calorie values of the exchange lists supply a useful and effective tool for analyzing food records and then for assessing nutrition adequacy.

Despite the several advantages the exchange lists offer, they could not be the most suitable meal-planning tool for many persons. As an example, they aren’t right for those who can not understand the concept of “exchanging” foods. Because the exchange booklets are written at a ninth- to tenth-grade reading level, individuals should be able to either read at this level or comprehend the notion of exchanging foods. For anyone to use them efficiently, a number of educational sessions, and practice, may be needed.